Ngữ pháp thực hành

Bài tập thực hành ngữ pháp tổng hợp

I. Translate the following sentences into Vietnamese:
(Mỗi câu trả lời đúng được 05 điểm)

1. The Government is accountable to the National Assembly, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly and the President of the State.

2. Laws and resolutions of the National Assembly must be approved by more than half of the total membership of the National Assembly.

3. The National Assembly considers and decides on the establishment or abolition of a ministry or a ministerial level agency on the Premier’s recommendation.

4. The People’s Courts shall try their cases collegially and their decisions shall conform to the will of the majority.

II. Fill in each blank with one suitable word provided:
(Mỗi câu trả lời đúng được 02 điểm)
illegal
rules
Religion
operate
conduct
a penalty
govern
appointed
vice- Prime Ministers
ensure

1. According to the 1992 Constitution, ............... assist the Prime Minister in designated areas.

2. Parents have ………………….. for controlling their children.

3. ………………………… is a form of law, but it is enforced by social pressure.

4. The law is a means for controlling people's…………….and for changing society.

5. If a person is guilty, the Court will impose …………………………on him.

6. All Party organizations ……… within the framework of the Constitution and the Law.

7. Stealing money of other people is …………………in Vietnam.

8. Law is used to ……………conduct of citizens.

9. The Prime Minister and Vice - Prime Ministers are .................by the National Assembly.

10. Law is necessary to ………………………….. a safe and peaceful society.

III. Translate the following sentences into English:
(Mỗi câu trả lời đúng được 05 điểm)

1. Cơ quan tư pháp của Việt Nam bao gồm toà án nhân dân địa phương, toà án quân đội, toà án nhân dân tối cao, và toà án đặc biệt.

2. Chính phủ là cơ quan chấp hành của Quốc hội, và Chính phủ bao gồm các Bộ và Cơ quan ngang bộ.

IV. Read the text below and answer the following questions.

The Legislature of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam


In the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the only organ with constitutional and legislative powers is the National Assembly. The National Assembly has the obligation and power to make and to amend laws, to work out a program for making laws and ordinances.

According to the 1992 Constitution, the country’s President, the Standing Committee of the National Assembly, the Nationalities Council and Committees of the National Assembly, the Government, the Supreme People’s Court, the Supreme People’s Office of Supervision and Control, the Vietnam Fatherland Front and its member organizations may present draft laws to the National Assembly. Member of the National Assembly may present motions concerning laws and draft laws to the National Assembly.

Laws and resolutions of the National Assembly must be approved by more than half of the total membership of the National Assembly, but decisions taken by the National Assembly to amend the Constitution as stated in Article 147 must be approved by at least two-thirds of its total membership. Laws and resolutions of the National Assembly must be made public fifteen days after their adoption at the least.

The Permanent Committee of the National Assembly is its Standing Committee, which has the power to interpret the Constitution, the law and ordinances; to enact ordinances on matters entrusted to it by the National Assembly. The ordinances and resolutions of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly must be approved by more than half of its membership. They must be made public fifteen days following their adoption at the least, except in cases where they are presented by the country’s President to the National Assembly for review.

Laws, ordinances and changes to the Constitution are announced officially by the country’s President.

Questions:(Mỗi câu trả lời đúng được 05 điểm)
1. How many organs in Vietnam have constitutional and legislative powers?

2. Who may present draft laws to the National Assembly?

3. How many members of the National Assembly must approve decisions to amend the Constitution?

4. What is the role of the Permanent Committee of the National Assembly?

 

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